Thursday, April 17, 2014

History of Yakan's Culture

The Yakan's are descendants of people who

migrated from Papua New Guinea, they believe

their descent stems from Borneo and Malaysia.
Most Yakan's have straight black hair and the
slight build associated with the Malay rather than
the more Negroid features of the Papuans.


 According to the  history of  Yakan, In 1844, the French government viewed Basilan Island as
a good location for a series of naval bases to protect
French trade. Toward this end, they purchased Basilan
from the Sultan of Sulu on neighboring Jolo Island.

19 The

initial French effort to occupy Basilan was bitterly
resented by the natives who vigorously resisted their
authority for a year. They abducted several French crew
members from the battleship

Sabine in a skirmish that left

one dead. The others were released as a result of Spanish colonial intervention. The
French returned with greater force to blockade Basilan. After heated debate within the
French government, King Louis Philippe withdrew his forces. The French abandoned
their short-lived plan to incorporate Basilan Island into a naval defense line owing to the
projected costs of securing the island

During 1848, the Spanish started to use steamships with canons and were able to bring the

southern sultanates under control and end piracy. Three years earlier, Pedro Cuevas, a

Tagalog from Cavite in the northern Philippines escaped from a penitentiary in

Zamboanga; he sought refuge on Basilan Island.
21 His leadership enabled the Yakan to

fend off an encroachment by the Tausug, as well as launch attacks on the Spanish in

Mindanao. After marrying a local woman and converting to Islam, he became known as

Datu Kulun, a revered figure. He introduced the Yakan to coconut cultivation, which

developed into a cash crop economy based on copra (dried coconut meat).



Mindanao Examiner. “Yakan Cloth, Now A Pride of Zamboanga.” 5 January 2006.


The Yakan of Basilan Island: Another Unknown and Exotic Tribe of the Philippines. Sherfan, Andrew.

“Chapter 1: A General Background on Basilan Island [pp. 16–17]. 1976. Cebu City: Fotomatic.


New York Times. Crossette, Barbara. “In Filipino Port, Lawlessness Grows.” 11 September 1987.


Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University. “Historical Timeline of the Royal

Sultanate of Sulu Including Related Events of Neighboring Peoples.” 1996–2009.



Manila Times. de Viana, Augusto. “‘What ifs’ in Philippine History.” 17 September 2006.
21 Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism. “Troubled Return of the Faithful.” June 2003.
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